Cold weather persisted, with the season’s first snow observed across central and northern growing areas.
Temperatures during the period averaged 2 to 4°C below normal, with winter wheat dormant in all but southern-most portions of the region.
Widespread moderate to heavy precipitation (10-50 mm liquid equivalent) was reported, though amounts were somewhat lighter (less than 10 mm) in south-central Ukraine.
Snow was reported from northern Ukraine into central Russia, though warmer weather changed the precipitation over to rain during the latter half of the period.
Nevertheless, snow cover (5-20 cm) was widespread at week’s end from northeastern Belarus into central Russia.