Rain and snow further eased drought in Ukraine and western Russia, while warmth favoured winter wheat development in southern Russia.
Another round of rain and snow (5-30 mm liquid equivalent, locally more) continued to alleviate the vestiges of autumn drought from central Ukraine into Russia’s Central District.
While not enough to completely eradicate lingering 90-day deficits, the precipitation provided additional much-needed moisture for late winter wheat establishment in the still-vegetative southern growing areas.
However, weekly average temperatures below 5°C expanded southward into central Ukraine and the northern Southern District, indicating winter wheat in these areas was now dormant.
In addition, a shallow snow cover (2-10 cm) was now on the ground from eastern-most Ukraine into southern portions of the Central District as well as the northern Southern District.
Meanwhile, winter wheat in southern Russia developed favourably under sunny skies and above normal temperatures (5-8°C above normal); in the Krasnodar Oblast in the southwestern corner of Russia’s Southern District (a key wheat producer), most stations have received over 100 mm of rainfall since October 12, supporting good prospects for winter wheat establishment.