Unseasonable warmth developed over western and southern portions of the region, while eastern-most crop areas remained cold and snow covered.
Across key wheat areas of Ukraine as well as western and southern Russia, warmer weather (3-7°C above normal) reduced the region’s protective snow cover but minimized the risk for freeze damage to dormant winter wheat.
In addition, daytime highs greater than 10°C across south western Russia reduced winter wheat cold hardiness and may have encouraged some early greening.
In contrast, near to below normal temperatures prevailed across central Russia, keeping dormant winter crops encased in snow.
Precipitation totalled 10 to locally more than 25 mm (liquid equivalent) across central and north western crop areas, with much of the precipitation falling as rain.