Dry, warmer weather overspread the region, benefiting winter crops in areas with sufficient soil moisture.
In particular, sunny skies allowed temperatures to rebound from October’s unseasonable cold, with readings during the week averaging 3 to 6°C above normal.
The warmer weather eased stress caused by recent bitter cold and allowed wheat to add vegetative growth in southern portions of the region.
The primary winter wheat oblasts in far southern Russia have received favourable autumn rainfall for establishment, and the week’s warmth and dryness further improved crop prospects.
However, soil moisture remained in short supply for winter wheat establishment from the southern Central District eastward into the northern Southern District and southern Volga, with many crops in these dry areas close to or already dormant.